This asset is a series of nominations for eight core areas in six buffer zones, located in Bursa, South Marmara Region, and Cumalıkızık village of Bursa.

Bursa is the first capitol of Ottoman Empire, and since 14th century it was built by a unique city planning methodology mainly based on complexes (a cluster of buildings with social, cultural, religious and educational functions), and charity organizations of villages.

Complexes (Orhan Ghazi, Hüdavendigar, Yıldırım, Yeşil and Muradiye) generally consist of mosque, madrasa, hammam, soup kitchen and Sultan tombs (including tombs of Ottoman Empire founding father Osman Ghazi and his son Orhan Ghazi), and have been urban focal points where neighbourhoods grew around.

Planned to include an inn at the time it was constructed, Orhan Ghazi Complex turned into Inns Area, the trade centre of the city.

The only rural component of this system is Cumalıkızık Village, providing logistic support to city.

This mentioned asset includes all components of physical, social, and economical organization of the first capitol shaped with early Ottoman traditions.

On 22 June 2014, at 38th World Heritage Committee meeting held in Qatar throughout June 2014, the “Nomination Dossier” titled “Bursa and Cumalıkızık: the Birth of the Ottoman Empire”, prepared under coordination of Bursa Metropolitan Municipality, including Inns Area (Orhan Ghazi Complex and Around), Sultan Complexes (Hüdavendigar, Yıldırım, Yeşil, Muradiye), and Cumalıkızık Village, was granted a spot as 998th heritage site on UNESCO World Heritage List, which includes 1007 world heritage sites.

Note: you can click this link  for “Bursa” on UNESCO WHC website.

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